Stories By the Well: A Christmas Eve Drama

No Memorizing Required

“Can we please do something different for Christmas Eve this year?”

“Can we try something that will speak to those on the fringes of our community?”

If you plan worship, questions like this might be vying for attention in your own church. While services with traditional structures and themes may appeal to some, others, depending on their age and background, could find such an approach difficult to relate to.

At West End Christian Reformed Church in Edmonton, Alberta, patterns of church attendance change at Christmastime. Attendees at the Christmas Eve service tend to be families with visiting adult children and grandchildren, guests from the community, and some congregation members. Christmas Day worship seems to attract mostly members of the congregation.

The challenge, then, was to design an evening service to hold the attention of children, open the gospel message to the unchurched, and maintain the expectations of those who want “tradition.” It was within this challenge that we set the goal of presenting an original dramatic presentation based on Luke’s account of Christ’s birth.

Note: The full script for the worship service is available at

Anchoring the Message (Luke 1:1–4)

Luke’s personal message to Theophilus at the beginning of his gospel lays out two issues. First, there had been many stories and rumors circulating around the life of Jesus that called into question what was true and what was false—something everyone in our own society is familiar with. Second, Luke promises an orderly account to reaffirm for Theophilus what he has been taught as a Christian. We imagine that Luke’s approach to this task is to travel to check with eyewitnesses who can confirm or disprove the stories that have been handed down about the birth and life of Jesus Christ.

Setting the Stage

A person traveling around Palestine then would need access to water. For most places in Israel, much of community life happened around a well. Children would be drawing water, washing clothes, and meeting friends. In this scene, some children’s curiosity about a stranger brings them together with a thirsty Luke at the village well.

A Rescue

Daniella, the youngest of those coming to the well, has just received a doll from her mother. Released from her chores to play, she comes to the well to share her new gift with her friends. Unfortunately, a game of monkey-in-the-middle among boys from the market results in Daniella’s doll falling into the well. Luke comes to the rescue, pulling the doll out of the water and using a piece of his cloak to dry it. As Luke comforts Daniella, the other children join Luke to find out who he is and why he is in their village.

Sharing the Truth

In a society with an oral tradition, children would have heard the adults sharing news about the itinerant preacher Jesus Christ and forming opinions about him. Was he the Messiah? Luke, using his own writings and those of Matthew, a fellow apostle, speaks the truth about Jesus:

A Savior is promised to a young woman (Luke 1:26–38)

A royal birth, but in a stable (Luke 2:1–7)

Shepherds are the first to hear news of the birth (Luke 2:8–20)

A Messiah for all (Matthew 2:1–12)

To bring Luke’s discussion with the children to a close, and to draw attention back to the well, the story of Jesus and the Samaritan woman as recorded later by John is told (John 4:5–14).

We All Are Waiting for the Savior

From an empty stage, Luke turns to speak directly to Theophilus (and to the congregation), using Acts 1:6–11 to describe the promises the angels gave to the apostles after Christ’s ascension about his return. If those in Israel had been waiting for the Savior to come, so we today are also waiting for Christ to return. That is the truth about Christmas.

Closing in Candlelight

A tradition in our Christmas Eve worship is lighting candles and singing “Silent Night! Holy Night” Mohr, LUYH 85, GtG 122, PsH 344. (Designated people bring candles forward, light them from the Christ candle, then bring them to the ends of the first row of congregants. Those sitting at the ends light their own candles from the lit ones, passing the light in a similar fashion to the person beside them. This is repeated for each row till all candles are lit.)

Order of Worship

Prelude: “Come, Thou Long-Expected Jesus” Wesley, LUYH 56, GtG 82/83, PsH 329

Daniella and the Girls at the Well: “Imagine” Getty, LUYH 72



Song: “O Come, All Ye Faithful” Wade, LUYH 76, GtG 133, PsH 340

Introduction: Luke 1:1–4

Scene 1—A Savior is Promised to a Young Woman

Song: “Hark, the Glad Sound! The Savior Comes” Doddridge, LUYH 60, PsH 335

Scene 2—A Royal Birth, but in a Stable


“Away in a Manger” (Instrumental) North American, LUYH 86/86, GtG 114/115, PsH 348/349

“Hark! The Herald Angels Sing” Wesley, LUYH 80, GtG 119, PsH 345

Scene 3—A Messiah for All

Song: “Joy to the World” Watts, LUYH 92, GtG 134/266, PsH 337

Scene 4—Christ at the Well with Living Water

Choir: “Come to the Water” Foley, arr. Hasseler

Scene 5—Daniella’s Blessing

Scene 6—We Are Still Waiting for the Messiah

Prayer of Thanksgiving

Invitation to Return for Christmas Day


Candle Lighting

Song: “Silent Night! Holy Night” Mohr, LUYH 85, GtG 122, PsH 344


Organizing the Service

Casting: A request for volunteers was put in the bulletins in November. Roles were assigned after we knew how many children wanted to be involved. The children were asked to choose their own Hebrew stage names from an online list.

Scheduling: With many children involved in school and community events before Christmas, we decided to limit rehearsals to the three Sunday afternoons in December and three evening dress rehearsals in the sanctuary the week of Christmas Eve.

Costumes: Costumes for the children were available from a previous Christmas play. Luke’s costume was created by a West End member using materials bought at the local thrift store (tablecloth and curtains).

The Well: We built the well based on a photograph of an artesian well in Palestine. A large, black tray fit inside the well to allow children to draw water.

Cost: Food samples for 600 were donated. The cost of materials for the well and for Luke’s costume was about four hundred Canadian dollars.

Technology: Telling a story to children is different from writing a letter to an adult. As a way of keeping both perspectives, all of Luke’s narratives were prerecorded and played back over the sound system at the appropriate times. That allowed the onstage conversation between Luke and the children to be mimed. The lighting and the audience’s focus moved from the platform to the screens to follow the recorded narrative.

The Market

The well was set outside the village (in the sanctuary); the church foyer was set up as the village market. As members and guests entered the church, they were met by Luke and the market children.

In addition to two display stalls (pottery and woven baskets), visitors could sample pastries at the bakery stall, smoked meat (elk) at the butcher’s stall, and water from the well.

In addition to generating interest about what would happen in the service, the children involved were able to relax and enjoy the experience of being in character.

An Alternative to a Traditional Christmas Eve Service

Full Script

Rein Selles is a member of West End Christian Reformed Church, Edmonton, Alberta. He has served West End as a volunteer contemporary worship coordinator and founded The Joyful Noise (Children’s) Choir of Edmonton.

Before the Service—Foyer

Market Stall Keepers

The market will take place in the foyer with one or more people assigned to each stall.

  • Basket Stall
  • Bakery Stall (Samples)
  • Pottery Stall
  • Meat Stall (Sample)
  • Water Stall (Girls)

The Market Stall Keepers’ goal is to welcome visitors into their town and, when asked, speak about the things they sell. That means they might need to do a bit of research about basketmaking, baking, pottery, and meat smoking.

Prepare bite-sized samples for the meat and bread stalls. Place them on trays so they are easy to offer. Invite people to sample the items. Even though they’re not historically accurate, gloves need to be worn by those serving and preparing the food.

Stalls should be spaced throughout the room to avoid bunching of visitors and to allow room for passing.

Prelude:Come, Thou Long-Expected Jesus arr. McMichael

The market closes during the prelude. People are encouraged to enter the worship space and find a seat.

The girls of the well enter, miming welcome to one another and sitting around the “green space” next to the well. Activities might include washing clothes, sewing, etc.

Daniella enters from stage left with her doll and sits on the rock. As she begins to sing, the girls of the well join her to admire the doll.

Song:Imagine Getty, LUYH 72

During the song, Luke and the boys move the market material out of the way and then wait by the door. Johan, the liturgist, steps to the lectern.

Welcome by Liturgist

Hear the prophecy of Isaiah:

“The people who are now living in darkness will

see a great light

They are now living in a very dark land.

      But a light will shine on them.”

—Isaiah 9:2, NIrV

Welcome, and thank you for taking the time to join us, whether you are visitors, friends, family, or regular attenders. We are blessed by your presence and hope you will be blessed in return.


Please pray with me:

Saving God, who walked this earth

in Eden and by Galilee,

we praise you for your everlasting love,

enduring patience,

and for the greatest gift of all,

the possibility of salvation

through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

—John Birch,

Song:O Come, All Ye FaithfulWade, LUYH 76, GtG 133, PsH 340

During the last verse, the boys of the market enter with Luke at the stage left entry door. Luke mimes his need for water. The boys point to the well and bring him to the sitting area left of the well. Luke is carrying a bundle along with a staff. The youngest boys begin to “investigate” what Luke is carrying in his bag. Johan returns to the lectern.

Dr. Luke—The Truth about Christmas

Liturgist: In today’s technological society, if you need an answer to a question, the internet can provide an overwhelming amount of information. If you go back two thousand years, however, research methods were more direct.

During Luke’s time, rumors and stories about the birth, life, death, and resurrection of Christ had already circulated widely thanks to the work of the apostles and the believers present at the resurrection. But there’s a problem for those needing more information: how do you know what is true and what is false?

The gospel writer Luke, a trained physician and sometimes companion of the apostle Paul, set out on behalf of his friend Theophilus to research and learn about Jesus. Luke wrote:

Luke voices over projected text:

“Many people have attempted to write about the things that have taken place among us. Reports of these things were handed down to us. There were people who saw these things for themselves from the beginning. They saw them and then passed the word on. With this in mind, I myself have carefully looked into everything from the beginning. So, I also decided to write down an orderly report of exactly what happened. I am doing this for you, most excellent Theophilus. I want you to know that the things you have been taught are true” (Luke 1:1–4, NIrV).

Scene 1—A Savior Is Promised to a Young Woman

Part One

Luke (seated): Thank you all for helping me find my way. It has been a long journey.

Yosef: Where have you been?

Luke: My travels have taken me to many places in Israel. I am thirsty but without a means to draw water. Would one of you bring me some water?

Andrew and Bar walk to the children at the well and mime Luke’s request. After searching, one girl finds a bowl and fills it with water from the well. They take it back to Luke.

Two young girls (one carrying a container for water and the other a doll made of cloth scraps) enter from stage right and walk toward the well.

Eliana: Oh, I hate doing this every morning!

Daniella: It’s not so bad. We get to see our friends.

Eliana: Where is your water jar?

Daniella: This morning I got a surprise. My mom gave me this baby doll and told me I could skip my chores and play with my friends at the well.

Eliana: Lucky you! The only surprises I get are more chores.

The girls approach the well. Daniella starts toward the top of the well.

Eliana: Be careful! The well is crumbling at the top. We have been warned to stay at the bottom.

Daniella sits near the bottom and waits for Eliana to finish drawing water. Two boys, Kefir and Hansel, run in from backstage (right) playing tag.

Kefir: You’re it—I got you last!

Hansel: Did not—besides, I got you now!

They run onto the stage. While Eliana pushes one boy out of Daniella’s way, her doll ends up in the well by accident.

Daniella: My doll! What is my mommy going to say?

Luke, sitting nearby, has watched the children’s activity and comes to help and comfort Daniella.

Luke: Here now, little one. All is not lost.

Luke takes his walking stick lying nearby and fishes the doll from the water.

Luke: The baby has had its bath; now we need something to dry her off.

Luke takes a portion of his cloak, tears it off and folds it around the doll, giving it back to Daniella. He takes her back with him to his seat.

The other children follow.

Chana: Who are you, mister?

Luke: My name is Luke, and I am a doctor.

All of the children start to describe their health complaints.

Andrew: Can you look at my arm? I fell yesterday.

Luke (laughing): You all look fine to me!

Bar: What are you doing here?

Luke: I am on my way home. I have been investigating the life of the Messiah, Jesus Christ.”

Children: Oh, we’ve heard of him!

Joshua: My parents told me that the Messiah hasn’t come yet.

Luke: Well, from what I learned, God moved the whole world to bring about the birth of his son. The promise of his birth came to a young woman named Mary through an angel!

Children: Ooooh, angels! Tell us, tell us what happened!

The children settle down to listen (facing Luke).

Luke: In the sixth month . . .

Luke continues to read Luke 1:26–38 as the words appear on the screen.

Lighting dims so the screen becomes the focus instead of the actors.

26 In the sixth month after Elizabeth had become pregnant, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee. 27 He was sent to a virgin. The girl was engaged to a man named Joseph. He came from the family line of David. The virgin's name was Mary. 28 The angel greeted her and said, “The Lord has blessed you in a special way. He is with you.”

29 Mary was very upset because of his words. She wondered what kind of greeting this could be. 30 But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary. God is very pleased with you. 31 You will become pregnant and give birth to a son. You must call him Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High God. The Lord God will make him a king like his father David of long ago. 33 The Son of the Most High God will rule forever over his people. They are from the family line of Jacob. That kingdom will never end.”

34 “How can this happen?” Mary asked the angel. “I am a virgin.”

35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come to you. The power of the Most High God will cover you. So the holy one that is born will be called the Son of God. 36 Your relative Elizabeth will have a child even though she is old. People thought she could not have children. But she has been pregnant for six months now. 37 That’s because what God says will always come true.”

38 “I serve the Lord,” Mary answered. “May it happen to me just as you said it would.” Then the angel left her (Luke 1:26–38, NIrV).

Part 2

Lights come back up.

Aliza (dismissively): These are all things that seem impossible to me.

Luke: But our God can do the impossible!

Ilona (dreamily): Elizabeth must have been so happy to hear she would have a baby!

Aliza (more thoughtfully): Mother to the Son of God! Do you think Mary was happy or really scared?

Luke: I think it is like holding your breath when something exciting is going to happen, then when it does, you can’t help but let it out and rejoice!

(All the children hold and then let out their breath together.)

Song:Hark, the Glad Sound! The Savior Comes! Doddridge, LUYH 60, PsH 335

Scene 2—A Royal Birth, but in a Stable

Yosef: Where was the Messiah born? If this baby is our King, were there castles and soldiers and lots of gifts?”

Luke: God’s ways are not our ways. As promised in the book of Isaiah, the Savior would be born in Bethlehem. God moved the head of the Roman Empire to bring that about.

Maaike: What did the Caesar do?

Luke: In those days, Caesar Augustus made a law

Luke continues to read Luke 2:1–7 as the words appear on the screen and an instrumental “Away in a Manger North American, LUYH 86, GtG 114/115, Psh 348/349 plays softly.

1 In those days, Caesar Augustus made a law. It required that a list be made of everyone in the whole Roman world. 2 It was the first time a list was made of the people while Quirinius was governor of Syria. 3 Everyone went to their own town to be listed.

4 So Joseph went also. He went from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea. That is where Bethlehem, the town of David, was. Joseph went there because he belonged to the family line of David. 5 He went there with Mary to be listed. Mary was engaged to him. She was expecting a baby. 6 While Joseph and Mary were there, the time came for the child to be born. 7 She gave birth to her first baby. It was a boy. She wrapped him in large strips of cloth. Then she placed him in a manger. That’s because there was no guest room where they could stay (Luke 2:1–7).

Maaike (with disgust): A manger? Our Messiah was born in a manger in a stable?

Children comment to each other.

Andrew: Hey, that sounds like my house!

Luke: Not what you thought would be fitting for a king? Yet God was fulfilling promises made to Israel through the prophets of old. What you might find interesting is whom God sent to announce the Christ’s birth and which citizens were chosen to receive it.

Sarai: That would be an honor. God must have chosen only the best people for that.

Luke: It was shepherds.

Children comment to each other about how dirty, smelly, and disgusting shepherds are.

Yosef: Hey, that’s what I help with at home!

Luke: Now imagine not just one angel, but a whole group of them.

Sarai: I’d probably faint! (pretends to faint)

Luke: There were shepherds living out in the fields . . .

Luke continues to read Luke 2:8–20 as the words appear on the screen.

8 There were shepherds living out in the fields nearby. It was night, and they were taking care of their sheep. 9 An angel of the Lord appeared to them. And the glory of the Lord shone around them. They were terrified. 10 But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid. I bring you good news.  It will bring great joy for all the people. 11 Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you. He is the Messiah, the Lord. 12 Here is how you will know I am telling you the truth. You will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth and lying in a manger.”

13 Suddenly a large group of angels from heaven also appeared. They were praising God. They said,

14 “May glory be given to God in the highest heaven! And may peace be given to those he is pleased with on earth!”

15 The angels left and went into heaven. Then the shepherds said to one another, “Let’s go to Bethlehem. Let’s see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.”

16 So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph and the baby. The baby was lying in the manger. 17 After the shepherds had seen him, they told everyone. They reported what the angel had said about this child. 18 All who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them. 19 But Mary kept all these things like a secret treasure in her heart. She thought about them over and over. 20 The shepherds returned. They gave glory and praise to God. Everything they had seen and heard was just as they had been told (Luke 2:8–20, NIrV).

Song:Hark! The Herald Angels Sing Wesley, LUYH 80, GtG 119, PsH 345

Scene 3—A Messiah for All

Part One

Eliana: What was God thinking to send angels to shepherds!

Luke: I think he wants us to think of Jesus as a Messiah for all people.

Daniella: What about me? I’m not Jewish. Was the savior born for me?

Luke: Maybe I can explain that with the help of a fellow gospel writer and apostle, Matthew. Matthew told of kings, or Magi, who came in search of a new King.

Children: They were looking for Jesus!

Luke continues to read Matthew 2:1–12 as the words appear on the screen.

1 Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea. This happened while Herod was king of Judea. After Jesus’ birth, Wise Men from the east came to Jerusalem. 2 They asked, “Where is the child who has been born to be king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose. Now we have come to worship him.”

3 When King Herod heard about it, he was very upset. Everyone in Jerusalem was troubled too. 4 So Herod called together all the chief priests of the people. He also called the teachers of the law. He asked them where the Messiah was going to be born. 5 “In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied. “This is what the prophet has written. He said,

6 “‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,

     are certainly not the least important among the towns of Judah.

 A ruler will come out of you.

     He will rule my people Israel like a shepherd.’” (Micah 5:2)

7 Then Herod secretly called for the Wise Men. He found out from them exactly when the star had appeared. 8 He sent them to Bethlehem. He said, “Go and search carefully for the child. As soon as you find him, report it to me. Then I can go and worship him too.”

9 After the Wise Men had listened to the king, they went on their way. The star they had seen when it rose went ahead of them. It finally stopped over the place where the child was. 10 When they saw the star, they were filled with joy. 11 The Wise Men went to the house. There they saw the child with his mother Mary. They bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures. They gave him gold, frankincense and myrrh. 12  But God warned them in a dream not to go back to Herod. So they returned to their country on a different road (Matthew 2:1–12, NIrV).

Song:Joy to the World Watts, LUYH 92, GtG 124/266, PsH 337

Scene 4—Christ At The Well with Living Water

Luke (to Daniella): So you see—the kings represented nations outside of Israel who also come to worship and be received by a new king.

Daniella: He was born for all of us!

Luke: That’s right! Children, thank you for the water you shared with me. Your well reminds me that Jesus also stopped at a well.

Children: Tell us! Tell us about it!

Luke: Jesus came to a town in Samaria called Sychar. . . .

Luke continues to read John 4:5–14 as the words appear on the screen.

5 He came to a town in Samaria called Sychar. It was near the piece of land Jacob had given his son Joseph. 6 Jacob’s well was there. Jesus was tired from the journey. So he sat down by the well. It was about noon.

7 A woman from Samaria came to get some water. Jesus said to her, “Will you give me a drink?” 8 His disciples had gone into the town to buy food.

9 The Samaritan woman said to him, “You are a Jew. I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?” She said this because Jews don’t have anything to do with Samaritans.

10 Jesus answered her, “You do not know what God’s gift is. And you do not know who is asking you for a drink. If you did, you would have asked him. He would have given you living water.”

11 “Sir,” the woman said, “you don't have anything to get water with. The well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Our father Jacob gave us the well. He drank from it himself. So did his sons and his livestock. Are you more important than he is?”

13 Jesus answered, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again. 14 But anyone who drinks the water I give them will never be thirsty. In fact, the water I give them will become a spring of water in him. It will flow up into eternal life” (John 4:5–14, NIrV).

Choir:Come to the Water Foley, arr. Hasseler

Scene 5

Aliza: I’d like that kind of water too.

Luke (standing): Remember the stories and believe that a king was born for all of you, and he died and rose again to free you from your sins and take you to his eternal home.”

Aliza: Will Jesus come again?

Luke: He said he would. But you must wait.

Children begin to drift away, market children to the left and others to the right.

Daniella: The cloth—you need to take the cloth back!

Luke: Keep it, child, as a gift and remember this day. And receive this blessing: “May grace be given to everyone who loves our Lord Jesus Christ with a love that will never die” (Ephesians 6:24, NIrV).

Parent: Daniella, where are you? Come home now.

Luke leaves via stage left with market children.

The children of the well take their containers and rush home via stage right.

Daniella: Mom, guess what? I met a doctor!

Scene 6—We are Still Waiting for the Messiah

Luke (to the audience): Theophilus, I wrote . . .

Luke continues to read Acts 1:1–11 as the words appear on the screen.

1 Theophilus, I wrote about Jesus in my earlier book. I wrote about all he did and taught 2 until the day he was taken up to heaven. Before Jesus left, he gave orders to the apostles he had chosen. He did this through the Holy Spirit. 3 After his suffering and death, he appeared to them. In many ways he proved that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of 40 days. During that time he spoke about God’s kingdom. 4 One day Jesus was eating with them. He gave them a command. “Do not leave Jerusalem,” he said. “Wait for the gift my Father promised. You have heard me talk about it. 5 John baptized with water. But in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”

6 Then the apostles gathered around Jesus and asked him a question. “Lord,” they said, “are you going to give the kingdom back to Israel now?”

7 He said to them, “You should not be concerned about times or dates. The Father has set them by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you. Then you will tell people about me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria. And you will even tell people about me from one end of the earth to the other.”

9 After Jesus said this, he was taken up to heaven. They watched until a cloud hid him from their sight.

10 While he was going up, they kept on looking at the sky. Suddenly two men dressed in white clothing stood beside them. 11 “Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking at the sky? Jesus has been taken away from you into heaven. But he will come back in the same way you saw him go” (Acts 1:1–11, NIrV).

Prayer of Thanksgiving (pastor)

Invitation to Return for Christmas Day


“May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all” (2 Corinthians 13:14). Amen.

Candle Lighting

After the song, candles should be blown out and deposited in boxes at the exit doors.

Song:Silent Night! Holy NightMohr, LUYH 85, GtG 122, PsH 344

Actors move to the foyer, where they wish people a blessed Christmas as they exit the sanctuary.

Rein Selles is a member of West End Christian Reformed Church, Edmonton, Alberta. He has served West End as a volunteer contemporary worship coordinator and founded The Joyful Noise (Children’s) Choir of Edmonton.

Reformed Worship 133 © September 2019, Calvin Institute of Christian Worship. Used by permission.